Critical illness policies are protection plans crafted by insurance companies to cover debilitating diseases that can significantly change one’s life, such as cervical cancer, kidney failure, and bacterial meningitis.
No one-size-fits-all solution answers the issue of taxing insurance policies, as well as how much the government will tax. Several factors can affect the taxable amount of your critical illness plan. Thus, you must review the policies of your insurance company first before securing the deal. You should fully understand the fine print before signing.
When is critical illness insurance nontaxable?
Insurance companies will tell you that an individually owned, stand-alone critical illness protection plan is not taxable.
It is the main difference between critical illness plans and disability insurance policies. Depending on the case, the disability may, unfortunately, impair your ability to perform optimally at work. As such, depending on your employer’s policies, disability insurance can translate into income, which is eligible for taxation in the Philippines by the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR).
On the other hand, critical illness policies are more like life insurance plans. Once you are diagnosed with any of the covered critical illnesses, your policy protects you in the long run, offering a safety net for when you need to be admitted to the hospital or undergo treatment. Hence, the money you get from your critical illness insurance is not taxable.
When is critical illness insurance taxable?
If you have a stand-alone critical illness plan, you would not have to pay taxes. That said, specific plans may be considered taxable, depending on the owner of the critical illness insurance. Here are some of the scenarios when authorities may consider critical illness insurance plans taxable:
The protection plan is corporate-owned.
A purchased critical illness plan can be considered a capital or a revenue expense of a company. If your company lists the illness benefit as capital, then it will be subjected to tax, as mandated by the Philippines Tax Code.
Your company hands the insurance benefit to the employee as income.
In some cases, your employer covers your critical illness insurance plan. When this happens, the BIR may consider the insurance as corporate-owned. Depending on your company rules, it might also deem the benefits part of your income. When this happens, it becomes subject to Withholding Tax.
The plan is combined with your life insurance, making it part of your estate.
Yes, you can integrate a critical illness plan into your life insurance. It even provides cheaper premiums and an extended list of benefits. However, this also means that your critical illness insurance benefits will now be part of your estate, making it fall under the Estate Tax of the BIR. Moreover, when you pass away and pass on your assets to your heirs, Inheritance Tax may apply.
Insurance and taxes are two things that can best be understood when explained by an expert in the field. Even with various resources online, nothing beats the guidance of a licensed professional. Call your insurance agent now to know more about critical illness plans and taxes.